In this post I will detail the mortises and tenons required to attach the left side stile. To chop mortises I first layout my lines with a mortise gauge. The mortise gauge scribes lines with a cutting edge and helps reduce the change of damaging the mortise landing. I then transfer knife marks which determine the outer limits of the mortise, this is helpful in allowing me to locate the chisel on my final chops.
These are the items required to chop mortises.
I begin chopping out the waste, however because I am using Japanese mortise chisels, or Mukoumachi-nomi, I will not lever out the waste.
Instead I use the sokozarai nomi to clear the waste.
Next I turn the chisel around and chop uphill and finally at my knife marks.
And then onto the the tenons. I’m cutting on the outside of my knife marks and expect the tenon will fit how it is off the saw.
Gauging a line with the kibiki to set the thickness of the tenon.
Then cut to the line.
I crosscut the shoulders then test fit, they fit tightly. Next I mark the grooves needed to allow the stile to fall behind the panel. I am cutting these on a router table.
I’m working to remove the router table from this sort of use, but at the moment I simply trim up the cuts with a shoulder plane. Very soon it will be replaced by the appropriate hand plane.
And finally we are left with the stile nearly complete
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